He wanted this Summit to be an opportunity for genuine strategic discussions on the purpose of the Atlantic Alliance, its present and future objectives and its means of action. In his recent speeches, he set the stage for a collective debate on the strategic purpose of the Alliance and the conditions for security and stability in Europe within a new geopolitical context.
This debate goes hand in hand with discussions on European sovereignty in the area of security and defence. As far as our security is concerned, it is not NATO or European defence, but NATO and European defence. The first issue is how to ensure peace and stability in Europe. To achieve this, it is necessary to: Clarify relations with Moscow, by raising the question of "clear and rigorous dialogue with Russia", while respecting the sensitivities and concerns of each party. Reopen discussions on arms control. Urge European members of the Alliance to keep up their defence efforts and ensure they have the means required to exercise their sovereignty. The second issue is how and in the face of which risks NATO organises itself: who is our common enemy?
NATO is committed to dealing with risks and threats from wherever they may arise. This is why in recent years the Alliance has invested in strengthening its defence and deterrence position in order to strengthen the protection of allies, particularly on the eastern borders.
Then there are the enemies. France has only one enemy, terrorism, particularly in the Sahel and the Levant. To counter this enduring scourge, "action is needed, not words": a genuine discussion must take place among allies on our practical commitment to fighting terrorism.
Allies must also address new security challenges, such as cybersecurity, hybrid threats, the use of space for defence purposes and technological innovation.
The third issue the President of the Republic wishes to address at the Summit is that of the rights and duties of member countries in relation to one another.
The discussions should provide an opportunity to reaffirm the pledge of solidarity among allies. Being an ally means "not making unilateral decisions, without consultation, that have a direct impact on the security of others". There needs to be a clear exchange at the London Summit, particularly with Turkey, following events in Syria.
France is and will continue to be a reliable ally. "This also explains why [France] is a demanding ally. Our military knows what it really means to be an ally on the ground".